Abangina Baria Bebweteranetie: Ekurate
Keroka Technical Training Institute Yabiokire

Abagusii Culture And Customs XXXVII: Ebibekerero Ao Ao Bia Abagusii

 

 

 

Aya amwabo aya:

Abagusii Culture And Customs XXXIII: : Otenyo Omogusii Cultural Day 2011

Ritongo Ria Manga Escarpment

Ekiage Kio Omogusii

 

 

Bagoteba ng'a "Rero mochokoro goika tokoire e field trip", sokoro amo na magokoro nigo bangira aaria ase The Otenyo Omogusii Cultural Festival, Keroka Town, recently. Initially, nigo narutete chintacho, korende ki naika aroro, nigo nabete no omogoko ase ogosomigwa na kwoorokigwa buna Abagusii twakabeire, ne ebinto twagatumiire.

Unless twaagachire e museum yaito ekogacha our artifacts amo no omogano oito bwa Abagusii, eye nero the best repository we have for now, with The Otenyo Cultural Group, and others scattered online buna eye. It is possible nga artifacts chio Omogusii ne chinyinge, and they are scattered in many places. Korende we have no central repository. We hope that things will change in the next few years with the establishment of the Omogusii Museum and Cultural Center.

Ase boigo, mbuya mono to the Otenyo Omogusii Cultural Troupe ase efforts babwate to preserve the few artifacts that are left with us. In addition, the Otenyo Troupe has been instrumental in teaching us our history and traditions which are being forgotten fast. Thank you for your selfless efforts. 

And to our readers, thank you for visiting and our cultural feature follows. Enjoy.

 

Ebitinge

Enywomo yo Omogusii tiyare koera onye bitinge tibiyo. Without ebitinge, igo nywomo teraba. Omosubati o Gusii nigo arenge gotimigwa ebitinge ase ekero kie enyangi. Ebitinge nabio biare koba buna chibeta echi chie ekerero.

Inaki ebitinge biare koroisigwa? Chintere chie etarimbo nigo chiare kobutorwa ebing'ese ebingese. Omosubati  obwate okogoro okogare nigo are konacherwa ebing'ese bitano na kemo. Oyo obwate okogoro ogosiniini nigo are are konachera ebing'ese bitano.

Kwamanya korambora okogoro, bia bekwa. Korwa abwo,  risangwa rie eng'ombe rianachwa. Barietanani ase  okogoro ime. Onye ebibao bigotigara, nigo bare  kobeka emurwa yaticha. Mangana taraera. Korwa abwo, bamanya koyeaka egetinya egere kiororobe.

Ase omoerio, nigo bare goaka etago kiamanya koba egetinge na koba ekieni.

Below, egetinge kio Omogusii buna kiarenge kororekana.

  Gusii 17

 

Ebibekerero Ao Ao

Omogusii nigo arenge koroisia ebibekero ebinge kobwatekana buna okogania ne egasi yabo. Let us see a few, starting with the picture below. Gochakera ase okobee motwe: Oroteru. Oroteru narwo rware koirura obori, amaemba, ching'ende gose chibando.

Komenta nayio, oroteru nabo rware gotumeka ase okogachera endagera temporarily. Ime yo oroteru oro nigo toroche ensio. Ekero obori gose amaemba arenge gosiegwa, ensio, together with orogena nabio biare gotumeka ase ogosia.

Orogena amo ne ensio nigo are koiywa korwa ase egetare gose rigena ritari koburoka riamanya goturwa. Abasacha nabwo bare gokora aya. Onye aye ki bwanchete ributi, manya ng'a orogena narwo rware gosia obori ne ememera, yamanya koroisia ributi rigwansa. 

Behind oroteru to the left ne egekabu. Egekabu nakio kiare kobeka endagera buna chinyeni ekero chikwau korwa mogondo. Komenta nayio, egekabu nabo kiarenge gotumeka kobeka kende gionsi kiarenge koirwa ase obogeni gose echiro.

Riroba rie ebundo

Magega ye egekabu on the left ne enyongo. Enyongo nigo yare koroisigwa korwa ase riroba rie ebundo, riamanya gosambwa. Enyongo nigo yare gotumeka kogacha amache, amarwa, ributi....

Immediately behind  oroteru nigo tobwate ekebari. Emeremo ye ekebari no okogacha endagera. Buna bono ekero endagera yagesirwe, nigo yare kobekwa ekebari ime korwa mogondo. Ekebari amo ne egetonga (not pictured) nabio biare korusia endagera mogondo.

Right behind ekebari gochia center left ,ne ebirandi. E discussion ye ebirandi is further down in this article. Magega ye ebirandi, we have chinyakaruga. Enyakaruga nero yarenge gokora egasi yo okoiyeka endagera. Endagera eng'asu buna enyama ya nda, obokima bwo obori, erongori yo obori..... ebitoche ebi bionsi nigo biakaiyekeirwe ime ye enyakaruga. There is more discussion ye enyakaruga further down.

Ase okorigereria, nabo okorora nga, abamagokoro amo ne chisokoro chiato nabo chiaroisetie ebinto bio okwerenda buya egere togaika igaa.

   Gusii 16

 

Orogena Ne Ensio ya Mwamogusii

Obokima bwo obori, ememera ya amarwa, obosie bwe erongori.....Ebi bionsi tibiare koba without orogena ne ensio. Eye nero etinga entangani naende original yo Omogusii. Abasubati nabwo bagasire obosie. It was backbreaking work korende at the time, abasubati tibare gokumia. Below, orogena amo ne ensio yo Omogusii buna biare kororekana.

Orogena rwo omogusii

Obokano Bwo Omogusii

Nabwo bakairirwe ase kera enyangi. Kera ase omoyega omuya bwo Omogusii. Abana nkogenda bare iburu gose kobekerwa maguta motwe? Renta obokano. Enyaroka Sarange nkoywomwa ekare? Sokoro renta obokano. Ntwaigwete ng'a omogeni natogete aaria bwo omogaka Obinge? Tata ominto tera omoino na kobugia obokano.

Nigo bwakaroserigwe korwa ase omote bwo omotembe, risangwa amo no obongori botano na botato. Why obongori botano na botato? Ntoranyora ichibu korende nkoririgia tore. Below, Obokano bwo Omogusii buna bwakabeire. On the right, omosubati Gesare nkonyegeria are amareko.

 

Gusii 7
Enyakaruga yo Omongina Banchiri

Abande ntwanyorete e chance yo okoiyekerwa enyama ya nda ase enyakaruga. Ase boigo, tokaiyekerwa engoko no omosori. Baminto gento tikeri ekiya buna ogosenyenta endagera eiyekire ime ye enyakaruga! Onye gotagete koragera buya pi, you should try it some time.

Enyakaruga nero yakinetie Abagusii abakoro ekagera togaika igaa.  Below, buna yakarorekanire, enyakaruga yo Omogusii amo ne ekeburugo, biganyete enyama ya nda ebekwe ime.

Gusii 8 
Ekonu ya Abagusii

Ko obori gose amaemba amire na kwoma, goika arenge korusigwa echafu yonsi magega yo ogosiegwa. Ase okorusia obori gose amaemba echafu, nigo Abagusii barenge gotumia ekonu. Nigo obori bwakabekirwe ekonu ime, bwamanya gosunyuntwa.

Korwa abwo, bwamanya koirurwa no oroteru. Ekonu nigo yare koroisigwa na abasacha. Ase okoroisia ekonu, abasacha nigo barenge gotumia omote bwo omotembe. Timanyeti gose emetembe netigarete Gusii.   Right nse ye ekonu, nigo toroche egesero.

Bono egesero ninki? Egesero ne risangwa rie embori, engombe gose engondi. Ge etugo yanyenyirwe, kende gionsi tikiare gotugutwa. This includes risankwa. Risangwa nabo riarenge gotumeka buna oboraro, kobekerera endagera ase ekeoreri ekero ekwoma gose teiteka gochia riroba nse. Below, ekonu eyio on top of egesero to the left.

Ekero endagera yarosigwe ne ekonu, nigo yare koirurwa no oroteru erinde yamanya kogachwa irongo. Konyora etarairwa irongo, endagera nigo yare kobekwa ime yo omonyoncho ime yamanya kogachwa. Bono rende omonyoncho ninki?  

Omonyoncho nigo orenge koroisigwa buna ekebari korende nigo orenge omonene.  Ebirundu nabio biare gokorekanigwa, mbaka omonyoncho omanya koba.  Ningo orenge koroisia omonyoncho? Abasacha nabwo bakarosirie emenyoncho.  Ko oroisirie buya, omonyoncho nigo orenge kogacha obori ase amatuko amange.

Gusii 9 

Enduruche y' Mwamogusii

Because Abagusii twabebekaine ne ebisaku binde ebitindi, naende biatagete gotoita, goika twarenge koroisia ebibekerero bio okorwana. Titware gokira igo. Omogusii nigo abwate amatimo, chinsara, chinguba, chinungu, amo ne ebinde buna chinduruche.

Enduruche nigo yarenge gotumeka koruta ebinto buna amagena gochia ase ababisa. Kende gionsi kiare korutwa ne enduruche nigo kiarenge kominyoka ne chimbero chimbariri! Below, enduruche yo Omogusii buna yarenge kororekana.

Gusii 10

Obokombe

It is hard to imagine how ororeri rwo Omogusii survived ase emiaka eye yonsi kobwatekana ne ebibekeroro twabwate. Temanyekaneti nga Abagusii twabeire abaremi ase emiaka erenga. Korende nonya nabo igo, nao tore igaa ase engencho abangina na abagaka abakoro barigetie chinchera chio ogotorageria.

Omogusii no omong'aini.

Ase oboremi, Omogusii nigo aroisetie obokombe bwe rigena. Amakombe aya naro arenge gotumeka ase oboremi bwe chibando, amatoke, obori, amaemba, chinsaga....kera egento. Below, obokombe bwo Omogusii buna bwakabeire.

Gusii 15
Enguba y' Mwanyagetinge

Nigo Mwanyagetinge twarenge surrounded by enemies. Nigo twabwate abanto bande babebekaine naintwe buna Abamanyi, Abagere, Abamansae amo na Abasigisi. Abanto aba be ebisaku ebi binde bionsi nigo barenge gotorwania ntwe, erinde baire etugo gose amaremo aito.

Ntwarenge kwegembera.

Together with ebirwanero binde, this is where enguba y' Mwanyagetinge came in. Abamura ebisora korwa Gusii nigo bagatumiire chinguba ase esegi. Nigo enguba yare korosigwa korwa ase risangu rie engombe.

Below, enguba ya abamura ebisore korwa Gusii.

Gusii 14
Ekee kia Abagusii

Abagaka amo na abangina abakoro tibare kobekerwa bokima ande onsi otatiga ase ekee. Kobeka obokima ase ekebekerero kende gionsi nigo yare koba amachayo. Ekee nakio kiare gotumeka ase okobeka obokima, especially obokima bwo obori.

Nigo ekeee gekorosigwa korwa ase chimboba chio obori ne emegoye. Abasubati nabwo bare koroisia ebiee. Go keroisirie buya, ekee tikiare gokendia ndagera. Yaya. Ekee nigo kiare kogacha riberera rio obokima bwo obori for a long time. Below, ekee kio Omogusii buna kiare kororekana.

Gusii 18

Ekerandi Kio Omogusii

Omogusii nigo anchete amabere. Eee bono. Amabere ye eng'ombe amaroranu abekire ekerandi ime Mose ominto. Ekerenadi nigo kiare korosigwa korwa ase risosa rie ekerandi. Ge ekerandi giakong'ire, nigo kiare kogeswa.

Giatigwa kioma na gosatwa amo na abasubati. Nigo abakungu bare gotumia ekebeya gosata ekerandi erinde kiaba amaridadi bori. Below, ekerandi kio Omogusii with ekemumeko gie ekeemba.

Gusii 19
Engata Ye Ekegusii

 Eee gaki amache ang'usirwe in some places. Chigari nchiroo. Komenta nayio, ntobwate chibodaboda amo na mkokoteni. Korende, it was not always this way. Nigo Omogusii arenge kobogira kera egento gagokebeka motwe!

Amache nigo arenge kobuchwa korwa rooche abekwa omotwe igoro. Chinko, amatoke, obori...ndagera ende yonsi. Nonya nabo igo, Omogusii deviced a way to lessen pain yo okobogoria ebinto ase omotwe.

Engata.

Engata nero yare kobekwa gati yo omotwe oo amo ne egento keri obogoretie. Engata eye nero yare  kobekwa motwe ekero ogwetweka. Nigo engata yare korosigwa korwa ase emegombo ya amatoke. Below. engata yo Omogusii buna yakabeire.

Engata 
Ebibaga Bia Abagusii

Ntwarora above buna abasubati bare kobeka ebitinge ase enyangi ye enywomo. Enyangi yo Omogusii omokoro tiyare koba onye amaino ye embeche taratoka erinde omoywomi abekerwe motwe.

Ntoramanya exactly the purpose chisokoro amo na abamagokoro baito bateberete nga goika omonywomi abeke amaino ye embeche motwe oye. Buna tokona koboria chisokoro amo na abamagokoro baria baito batigarete, we will know more. Kabekire aamo iga, amaino aya nigo arenge korokwa ebibaga. Below, amaino ye embeche (ebibaga) yo omonywomi buna arenge kororekana.

Ebibaga

Ekiore Kia Mwanyagetinge

In addition yo okobeka amaino ye embeche (ebibaga) ase omotwe oye, Omogusii omoywomi o kare nigo atakeire kobeka ekiore motwe oye. Ekiore nigo kiarenge koroisigwa korwa ase risankwa. Below, ekiore kio Omogusii buna giakarorekanire.Ekiore 

Ritimo Rio Omogusii

Buna twarorire, segi tiyare koba onye birwanero tibiyo. Ntwarora buna Omogusii abwate chinguba, chinsara amo na amatimo. Ase baria mogokina bono, tiga mbamanyie n'ga kera omogaka bwo omochie nigo abwate ritimo riaye. This is in addition to chinsara, enguba etc. Kera omogaka o Gusii amo na abamura be emechie bonsi, were standing armies.

Baganyete ekero ekurate ekoba.

Below,  omomura egesora oyomo o Gusii kare ne ritimo riaye. Behind him is the Assistant Minister for Culture and MP for North Mugirango Borabu, Mhe. Wilfred Ombui and others aaria Keroka Cooperative Union Grounds recently during the Otenyo Omogusii Cultural Festival.Egesore 

Ekerangesa gia Sokoro

Onye gokoigwa ekero sokoro agoasimora rimaambia, there is a reason why. Ekerangesa. Abagaka abanene ba kare nigo barenge konywa etumbato ye ekerangesa. Etumbato nigo yare kobekwa ase ekerangesa ime na gosunyuntwa. Korwa abwo, abagaka bamanya kobeka etumbato eyio ase chimioro. Basi bono tiga ogoasimora goanse.

What followed from there was ogoasimora kore successive. Amato ye etumbato arenge kobekwa ase ekerangesa ime nigo arenge koba amabese. Ogoasimora okonene nigo kwaminetie buna etumbato eyio n' engiya !!

Ekerangesa nigo kiare koroisugwa korwa ase omote bwo omotembe. As you can see, omotembe nigo orenge important ase carpentry amo na arts and crafts yo Omogusii. Below, ekerangesa kio Omogusii buna giakarorekanire.

Ekerangesa 
Ekebwe Kio Omogusii

Omogusii tarenge gokira igo ka amarwaire achire. Ase ki? Omogusii nigo arenge omonyagitari. Abarwaria mbarengeo. Komenta nayio, abarwaria abwo mbabwate ebinto barenge gotumia ase okorwaria abarwaire. Ekemo kie ebibekerero bia abarwaria ba Gusii ne ekebwe.

Bono ekebwe ninki?

Onye amanyinga akwereire emeki ime, gose omonto nigo aagetwe ase gete akabimba na amanyinga gokwera ime, abarwaria nigo barenge gotumia ekebwe koyang'usa. Ko omonto ang'usirwe amanyina ayio ne ekebwe, ensemo eyio yarwarete nigo yarenge gosusana.

Korwa abwo, omonto obwena. Ekebwe nigo kiare koroisigwa korwa ase orogunchara. Abaminto, below ne ekebwe buna giakarorekanire.

Ekebu 
Bono Mwanyagetinge ominto, e field trip nao yaereire igaa. Ntobatebie when the next trip comes. For now, magokoro nigo ateba ng'a enyama ya nda netigarete enyakaruga ime aaria nka. Bono tiga toraayerera gochia ase enka.

Mbuya mono and thank you for listening.

 

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